The King’s Lifeguard Regiment of Foote was first raised in June 1642, whilst the King was in York, and 27 June was reported to be 1000 strong. Inspite of it’s name the Regiment had no specific role in the protection of the King and fought in all of the campains of the Oxford Army. Battle honours include Ripple Field, both battles of Newbury, Cropredy Bridge, the Siege of Gloucester, Lostwithiel and Naseby.
1640 – Served as Ensign in Sir William Vavasour’s Regiment of Foote in the Scot’s War (Second bishops War)
1642 – Lieutenant of his former Colonel’s Company in the King’s Lifeguard of Foote
A more detailed history of the Regiment can be found on the website of the English Civil War Society of America.
CHRONOLOGY of King’s Lifeguard:
1642 – July-September: Commissioned and raised.23 Oct. Battle of Edgehill ~11 Nov. Storming of Brentford ~ 13 Nov. Battle of Turnham Green ~ 9 Dec. Allotted winter quarters in Oxford.
1643 – 1 Feb. Mustered approx. 500 soldiers strong ~ 2 Feb. Storming of Cirencester (detachment present) ~ 18 Feb. Mustered approx. 600 soldiers strong ~ 10 Apr. Escape of Sir William Vavasour from Windsor ~ 11 Apr. Little Dean (detachment present) ~ 13 Apr. Battle of Ripple Field (detachment present) ~ 23 Apr. Detachment surprised at Dorchester, Oxon. ~ 25 Apr. Action at Caversham Bridge ~ 10 Aug.-5 Sept. Siege of Gloucester ~ 20 Sept. First Battle of Newbury ~ Sept. Regiment returns to Oxford.
1644 – 13 Feb. Muster in New Parks, Oxford ~ 6 Apr. Regiment marches from Oxford, approx. 350 strong ~ 10 Apr. Aldbourn Chase muster, approx. 350 strong ~ 29 June. Battle of Cropredy Bridge ~ 21 Aug. Battle of Beacon Hill, Lostwithiel ~ 31 Aug. Battle of Castle Dore, near Fowey ~ 27 Oct. Second Battle of Newbury ~ Nov. Regiment returns to Oxford.
1645 – 9 May. Mustered approx.200 soldiers ~ 30-31 May. Storming of Leicester ~ 14 June. Battle of Naseby, approx. 300 strong ~ 6 Aug. Sir Thomas Glenham’s Regiment of Foote now march as Lifeguard ~ 24 Sept. Battle of Rowton Heath ~ 5 Nov. King Charles returns to Oxford.
1646 – May. The King surrenders to Scottish Army (Newark) ~ June 25. Keys to City of Oxford handed over to Sir Thomas Fairfax.